You’re not expecting too much 🚫

Expecting them to send a text back within a reasonable time frame is not asking for too much. Your person should consider you one of their top priorities, even from afar. They shouldn’t forget you exist when you are no longer in the room with them. They shouldn’t ghost you for days and expect you to still hop up and down when they see you again. They should put effort into your relationship even on the days you aren’t able to see each other in person. They should permanently be a good partner, not temporarily, based on whether or not they’re in the mood that day.

What’s your Zone?

Comfort Zone

Feel safe and in control.

Fear Zone

Lack of Self-confidence.

Find excuses.

Be affected by others’ opinions.

Learning Zone

Deal with challenges and problems.

Acquire new skills.

Extend your comfort zone.

Growth Zone

Find purpose.

Live dreams.

Set new goals.

Conquer objectives.

Comment below your present zone. And your objectives towards growth zone. Share your personal tips and strategies. Thank you 💖

How to Attain Enlightenment (in simple words)

Carl Jung once said that, “Most people never find god because they never look low enough.” Meaning, while most people are busy in pursuing the most prestigious positions, collecting the most valuable antiques, pleasing the richest among the group or always seeing themselves in the good light, they reject half of the reality. Instead of first focusing on fixing your own life, you want to change the world & instead of ever questioning your own judgement or mistakes, you want to point out other’s insufficiencies.

Think of a low resolution picture and how difficult it is to parse out the details. Just like that, in order to live a life that you want, you have to pay attention to the most mundane of the things . For example. If you want to change your habit of eating junk food, don’t go on making big promises like ” I will never eat junk ever from now on.” Rather, take one step at a time. Instead of torturing yourself to eat the right foods, make a gradual decrease in your consumption of the bad ones or instead of trying to look rich, live a simple life, manage your finances wisely and move your way up. This is the only way to work with your unconscious i.e. in order to solve complicated problems, first solve the simple ones.

Before trying to improve the society, make peace with your own father for not being there for you when you needed him the most, forgive your mother for not instilling some confidence in you, before complaining how horrible your ex was , think about how you might have been a bad partner too before pointing fingers at others, slay your own demons and then you shall be one with the transcendent.

Aim for the beauty but don’t turn you eyes away from the ugly. For in this sight you will find the other half of the divine.

In the end let’s pray

हम को मन की शक्ति देना, मन विजय करें 
दूसरों की जय से पहले, खुद की जय करें
हम को मन की शक्ति देना ...

भेद-भाव अपने दिल से, साफ़ कर सकें
दूसरों से भूल हो तो, माफ़ कर सकें
झूठ से बचे रहें, सच का दम भरें
दूसरों की जय से पहले, खुद की जय करें
हम को मन की शक्ति देना ...

मुश्किलें पड़ें तो हमपे, इतना कर्म कर
साथ दें तो धर्म का, चलें तो धर्म पर
खुदपे हौसला रहे, सच का दम भरें
दूसरों की जय से पहले, खुद की जय करें
हम को मन की शक्ति देना ...

City Palace Jaipur ❤️

The City Palace was built by Sawai Jai Singh who is also known as the founder of Jaipur City. The credit of building Hawa Mahal and Jantar Mantar also goes to him. Though the main architects behind the magnificent City Palace were Vidyadhar Bhattacharya and Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh also contributed to the architectural design of the palace.

There are three main gates to the palace which are Tripolia Gate, Virendra Pol and Udai Pol.

There are also four smaller gates in the third courtyard which are believed to represent four seasons. The peacock or the Mor Gate represents the autumn season and there are 3D models of peacocks at the gate giving it a magical view.

The Lotus Gate was to symbolize the summer season.

The Leheriya Gate for the spring season.

The Rose Gate is the winter gate.

Today, there are two parts of the palace, one which is opened for the public and also has a museum, and the other for the residence of the royal family – the descendants who live here even now.
One of the famous items in the City Palace are two silver jars which have found place in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest silver vessels in the world.
Apart from Mubarak Mahal and the Chandra Mahal, there are Pritam Niwas Chowk, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Bhaggi Khana, Maharani Palace and the Govind Dev Ji Temple – an 18th century structure.

The Chandra Mahal, Maharani Palace and the Bhaggi Khana have been converted into museums.

Mubarak Mahal is a museum dedicated to royal textiles. You can see the dresses worn by queens and kings.
The clothes worn by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I is quite a treat to the eyes as he was believed to have weighed 250 kgs.

Baggi Khana is a place dedicated to chariots and coaches. The two prime attractions are the chariot which was used to carry the royal deity and a European Cab which was gifted to Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II by Queen Victoria herself.

The Silehkhana has a great and fine collection of weapons and handguns used during the time. There are swords, knives, arrows, axes, and so on. The personal weapons of the kings are also displayed here.

एक पुस्तक का जादूभरा असर – महात्मा गांधी

‘ इंडियन ओपिनियन ‘ का खर्च बढ़ता जा रहा था। वेस्ट की पहली रिपोर्ट मुझे चौंका देनेवाली थी। वेस्ट का इस तरह का पत्र पाकर मैं नेटाल के लिए रवाना हुआ। पोलक तो मेरी सब बातें जान ही गए थे। मुझे स्टेशन पहुंचाने आए और एक किताब मेरे हाथ में देकर बोले — ” यह किताब रास्ते में पढ़ने लायक है, पढ़ जाइएगा । आपको पसंद आएगी।” पुस्तक का नाम था — ‘ अंटू दिस लास्ट ‘ ( Unto this Last)। रस्किन की किताब थी।

इस पुस्तक को हाथ में लेकर मैं छोड़ ही न सका। उसने मुझे पकड़ लिया। जोहांसबर्ग से नेटाल तक चौबीस घंटे का रास्ता था। ट्रेन शाम को डरबन पहुंचती थी। पहुंचने के बाद सारी रात नींद नहीं आई। पुस्तक में प्रकट किए हुए विचारों को अमल में लाने का इरादा किया।

इसके पहले रस्किन की एक भी पुस्तक मैंने नहीं पढ़ी थी। विद्या अभ्यास के दिनों में पाठ्य पुस्तकों के अलावा मेरी दूसरी बाहरी पढ़ाई नहीं के बराबर ही समझनी चाहिए। कर्मभूमि में प्रवेश करने के बाद वक़्त बहुत कम बचता है। अतः आजतक भी , कहा जा सकता है, कि मेरा पुस्तकीय ज्ञान बहुत ही थोड़ा है। मैं मानता हूं कि इस अनायास या विवश होकर किए गए संयम से मुझे नुकसान नहीं हुआ। पर यह कह सकता हूं कि जो थोड़ी किताबें मैंने पढ़ीं हैं उनको ठीक तरह से पचा सका हूं। इन पुस्तकों में से जिसने मेरे जीवन में तत्काल महत्व का रचनात्मक परिवर्तन करा दिया हो वैसी तो यही पुस्तक कही जाएगी। बादको मैंने उसका उलथा किया और वह ‘ सर्वोदय ‘ के नाम से छपा है।

मेरा यह विश्वास है कि जो चीज मुझमें गहराई से भरी हुई थी उसका स्पष्ट प्रतिबिंब मैंने रस्कीन के इस ग्रंथरत्न में देखा और इसके कारण उसने मेरे हृदय पर अपना साम्राज्य जमा लिया और उसमें प्रकट किए हुए विचारों पर मुझसे अमल कराया। हम में जो भली भावनाएं सुप्त हों, उन्हें जगाने की शक्ति जिसमें हो, वह कवि है। सब कवियों का सबपर एक सा असर नहीं होता; क्योंकि सबमें सब भली भावनाएं समान मात्रा में नहीं होती हैं।

‘ सर्वोदय ‘ के सिद्धान्त जो मैंने समझे :

१. सबके भले में अपना भला समाया हुआ है।

२. वकील और हज्जाम दोनों के काम की कीमत एक सी होनी चाहिए, क्योंकि आजीविका का हक सबको बराबर है।

३. सादा, मेहनत मशक्कत का, किसानका जीवन ही सच्चा जीवन है।

पहली चीज मैं जानता था। दूसरी की मैं झलक पा रहा था। तीसरी को मैंने सोचा ही नहीं था। पहली में पिछली दोनों बातें समाई हुई हैं। यह मुझे ‘ सर्वोदय ‘ ने दीपक की भांति स्पष्ट दिखा दिया। सबेरा हुआ और मैं उसपर अमल करने के प्रयत्न में लग गया।

Partner or Family : Whom to choose?

People are often confused when they are asked to choose partner over family. Some says we should not disrespect our parents while some others says that it’s their choice with whom they want to spend rest of their future with.

Should you sacrifice your love for your parents?

You must never. Never ever do that. One who can’t choose their life partner on their own, how could we expect them to be an example of great couple/parent/social being! In my opinion, one should not marry on people’s advice.

Listen carefully, choose your love , your partner , it’s your personal divine right. It’s your independent decision. Even animals are free to choose their partner. So , it’s your personal power, please don’t give this to anyone.

You can respect and love your parents but that doesn’t mean you start doing slavery and sacrifice your freedom. To choose carrier and partner it’s up to your will!!!

And betraying true love in name of caste, religion, society, parents is sin in eyes of God.

We choose others suggestions resulting in drowsy connections, ego, prestige, social status , castism , religion.

The loveless marriage aw based on sex and reproduction. These marriages only make you trapped, hopeless and stop your spiritual growth. And that’s the reason behind failed marriages and relationships. As physical beauty and traits fade away with time , leaving behind the scars.

So, don’t be so blind in your blood attachments and sacrifice your authentic character and freedom. Choosing love means choosing your own soul. And trust me if you choose your soul , your relationship would never fail. The reason behind such statement is that you will really work hard to grow your inner peace and your relationship. You all know hard work never goes waste. It would pay you anyhow.

Don’t be blind and see the reality of Narcissist family which ia only based on emotional manipulation and control. Their only purpose is to divert you from your real purpose , in the same manner as their parents did to them. They can do dramatic things, cry in front of you, threaten you, just to manipulate you.

One thing i always say “if they truly love you , they will give you freedom of independent decision making”. But that doesn’t mean you should do whatever you want , instead you can consult with them. They can help you with their experience. They must support you in such a way that don’t limit your choices.

Don’t do worst mistake of your life to betray love . True love is your real family. Everything on this planet is based on love. Have a great future 😊.

World Environment Day – 5 June

It is not so much for its beauty that the forest makes a claim upon men’s hearts, as for that subtle something, that quality of air that emanation from old trees, that so wonderfully changes and renews a weary spirit.

Trees are poems that earth writes upon the sky,

We cut them down and turn them into paper,

This we may record as our emptiness.

One tree provides enough oxygen for 5 people.

Just 30 trees can absorb our full annual carbon production.

Trees filter our water and soil, and fight erosion.

They increase neighborhood desirability & escalate property value up to 20% & can save energy and money for heating and cooling up to 15%.

Trees are the oldest living organisms on earth so grow more trees. Happy Environment Day 🌲 🌲 🌲.

World Environment Day – 5 June

It is not so much for its beauty that the forest makes a claim upon men’s hearts, as for that subtle something, that quality of air that emanation from old trees, that so wonderfully changes and renews a weary spirit.

Trees are poems that earth writes upon the sky,

We cut them down and turn them into paper,

This we may record as our emptiness.

One tree provides enough oxygen for 5 people.

Just 30 trees can absorb our full annual carbon production.

Trees filter our water and soil, and fight erosion.

They increase neighborhood desirability & escalate property value up to 20% & can save energy and money for heating and cooling up to 15%.

Trees are the oldest living organisms on earth so grow more trees. Happy Environment Day 🌲 🌲 🌲.

Sanatan Dharma

Sanathana dharma is a very complex dharma because there can be various ways of interpreting the vedas and Upanishads. There are many who confuse themselves from reading Various puranams and ithihas, some say Lord Vishnu is most powerful and Shiva is powerless as compared to sri Vishnuwhile some say lord Shiva is most powerful and Sri Vishnu has less power as compared to Shiva.
There are various soucres in our vedas which say there are 33 devatas
Yasya Trayastrinshad Devaa Ange Sarve Samaahitaa, Skamma Tam Bruhi Katamah Swideva Sah”. ~(Atharva Veda 10-7-13)
Which means

with God’s influence, these thirty-three devatas sustain the world.
Now about 33 koti devi devatas, the word “koti” can be interpreted as kinds or koti. .
Sri Krishna says in bhagavad gita in Chapter 11 sloka 5 ” Behold in me Arjuna, the 12 sons of Aditi’s (Adityans) 8 Vasus, 11 Rudras, 2 Ashwini Kumars and witness many more wonderful forms never seen before.”

So lord Krishna shows all these deities in him. Arjuna sees Siva, Barhma and Vishnu in Krishna (11.15)
Now that Arjuna saw everyone in one body, does that mean there is only one god?
One Paramatma manifests Himself differently in different minds of various life forces.
Lord Krishna Himself has proclaimed in Gita as follows: “bhaktya mam abhijanati yavan yachchasmi tattvataha tato mam tattvato java vishal tat anantharam” BHAGAVAD GITA 18.55
. (The one who persistently espouses Bhakti on me gets to know who I am and how I am in reality; once he knows my real self, he is no different from me but immerses into me)
In our dharma there are various deities, like Sri Hari Vishnu, Barhma, Shiva etc. But all are different name and form alone. In fact we are also no different from param atma we are also paramatma. .
There are various references in vedas and Upanishads which says there is only one paramatma which shows in different names and forms, all these names are given by men. God is all powerful and omnipresent thing which is beyond description and name.
 ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय

7 Signs you’re with the wrong person

1. They forget important dates and events.

2. They can comfortably spend the day without talking to you.

3. They don’t notice the small changes in your appearance.

4. Makes fun of your worries and doesn’t take your fears seriously.

5. Makes you feel stupid and weird for not having certain hobbies and interests.

6. They often criticize your ideas and behaviour.

7. They make everything look like it’s your fault and rarely apologized for their mistakes.

चक्रव्यूह की रचना


युद्ध को लड़ने के लिए पक्ष या विपक्ष अपने हिसाब से व्यूह रचना करता था। व्यूहरचना का अर्थ है कि किस तरह सैनिकों को सामने खड़ा किया जाए। आसमान से देखने पर यह व्यूह रचना दिखाई देती है।

जैसे क्रौंच व्यूह है, तो आसमान से देखने पर क्रौंच पक्षी की तरह सैनिक खड़े हुए दिखाई देंगे। इसी तरह चक्रव्यूह को आसमान से देखने पर एक घूमते हुए चक्र के समान सैन्य रचना दिखाई देती है।

इस चक्रव्यूह को देखने पर इसमें अंदर जाने का रास्ता तो नजर आता है, लेकिन बाहर निकलने का रास्ता नजर नहीं आता। यह तो कोई बहुत ध्यान से देखें तो ही संभव होगा लेकिन इसके लिए आपको आकाश से देखना होगा। यदि देख भी लें तो यह चक्रव्यूह तो घूमता ही रहता है।

कहते हैं कि चक्रव्यूह की रचना द्रोण ने की थी। इस व्यूह को एक घूमते हुए चक्के की शक्ल में बनाया जाता था, जैसे आपने स्पाइरल को घूमते हुए देखा होगा। कोई भी नया योद्धा इस व्यूह के खुले हुए हिस्से में घुसकर वार करता है या किसी एक सैनिक को मारकर अंदर घुस जाता है। यह समय क्षणभर का होता है, क्योंकि मारे गए सैनिक की जगह तुरंत ही दूसरा सैनिक ले लेता है अर्थात योद्धा के मरने पर चक्रव्यूह में उसके बगल वाला योद्धा उसका स्थान ले लेगा, क्योंकि सैनिकों की पहली कतार घूमती रहती है। जब कोई अभिमन्यु जैसा योद्धा व्यूह की तीसरी कतार में पहुंच जाता है तब उसके बाहर निकलने के रास्ते बंद हो जाते हैं। यदि वह पीछे मुड़कर देखेगा तो पता चलेगा कि पीछे तो सैनिकों की कतारबद्ध फौज खड़ी है। व्यूह के घुस जाने के बाद अब योद्धा चौथे स्तर के बलिष्ठ योद्धाओं के सामने खुद को खड़ा पाता है। इस चक्रव्यूह में योद्धा लगातार लड़ते हुए अंदर की ओर बढ़ता जाएगा और थकता भी जाएगा। लेकिन जैसे-जैसे वो अंदर जाता जाएगा, अंदर के जिन योद्धाओं से उसका सामना होगा वो थके हुए नहीं होंगे। ऊपर से वे पहले वाले योद्धाओं से ज्यादा शक्तिशाली व ज्यादा अभ्यस्त भी होंगे। शारीरिक और मानसिक रूप से थके हुए योद्धा के लिए एक बार अंदर फंस जाने पर जीतना या बाहर निकलना कठिन हो जाता है। 

What you need to know

What All Undergraduates Should Know About How Their Sleeping Lives Affect Their Waking Lives

William . Dement, M.D., Ph.D.Stanford University Center of Excellencefor the Diagnosis and Treatment of Sleep Disorders

Stanford UniversitySeptember, 1997

This document describes some of the key facts about sleep, biological rhythms, and sleep deprivation that should be well known to every Stanford student as well as everyone everywhere. It will be occasionally updated.

A recent survey of Stanford undergraduates revealed that their number one complaint was not getting enough sleep! heard a validation of this complaint from the lips of a well known alumnus, Tiger Woods, who said that one of the best things about his choice to leave Stanford for the professional golf circuit was that he could now get enough sleep. Although I offer an undergraduate course on sleep and dreams once each year, it is clear that it does not meet the need for all students to have some information about this topic. Most entering students have previously received no teaching whatsoever about sleep. In contrast, nearly all entering students have received a great deal of information about two other health basics, nutrition and physical fitness.

Thus, an amazing paradox exists in our educational system. We have learned that the consequences of pervasive sleep deprivation and undiagnosed sleep disorders are collectively one of our nation’s biggest and most serious problems. Falling asleep at the wheel and in other hazardous situations is a leading cause of death and disability. A single sleep disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, is now known to afflict 30 million Americans.

The paradox is that our society remains a vast reservoir of ignorance about sleep deprivation and sleep disorders. The benefits of the hard earned knowledge about normal and pathological sleep have not been passed on to the general public and practicing physicians. Millions of people are suffering and thousands are dying each year without ever knowing the true cause of their problems.

Why is this? Teaching about sleep and dreams, the nature and consequences of sleep deprivation, and common sleep disorder symptoms is essentially absent from the undergraduate and graduate curriculum in our colleges and universities. Perhaps the saddest omission of all is that most student drivers learn nothing about the dangers of driving drowsy in their training programs, and an astounding number soon die and kill others because they fall asleep at the wheel. Fifty-five percent of drowsy driving fatalities occur under the age of 25.

Although I am directing this message to entering freshman students at Stanford University, I am also striving to bring these topics into the mainstream of the national educational system. In every classroom in America, students must learn that healthy sleep, along with physical fitness and good nutrition, form the fundamental triumvirate of health. However healthy we think we are, students and non-students alike, we must realize that we cannot be healthy unless our sleep is healthy!

How much sleep do we need? What is sleep debt?

Each of us has a specific daily sleep requirement. The average sleep requirement for college students is well over eight hours, and the majority of students would fall within the range of this value plus or minus one hour. If this amount is not obtained, a sleep debt is created. All lost sleep accumulates progressively as a larger and larger sleep indebtedness. Furthermore, your sleep debt does not go away or spontaneously decrease. The only way to reduce your individual sleep debt is by obtaining extra sleep over and above your daily requirement.

The powerful brain mechanism that regulates the daily amount of sleep is called the sleep homeostat. By increasing the tendency to fall asleep progressively in direct proportion to the increasing size of the sleep debt, this homeostatic process ensures that most people will get the amount of sleep they need, or close to it. The elevated sleep tendency together with the associated drowsiness and an intense desire for sleep would ordinarily prevent most people from becoming dangerously sleep deprived because they would go to bed early, or sleep late, when such excessive daytime sleepiness occurred.

However, in our society we are prone to ignore or resist nature’s signal that we need more sleep, and we often resist far too long. At this point, we cannot resist falling asleep. Depending on when and where this happens, falling asleep can be tragic, or merely inconvenient. As far as is currently known, nothing can change an individual’s fundamental daily sleep requirement.

You can learn more about sleep debt (including funny videos made by college students who know all too well about it) at the Stanford Sleep and Dreams website.

What causes us to feel sleepy?

To repeat, the size of your sleep debt determines the strength of the tendency or ability to fall asleep. If your sleep debt is zero, sleep is impossible. If your sleep debt is very low, only a small amount of stimulation is required to keep you awake. If your sleep debt is very large, no amount of stimulation can keep you awake.

Think of your sleep debt as a very heavy load. You are carrying with the help of two companions. Together, the three of you can hold it up. One of your companions is pretty strong. This companion is your biological clock. The other companion is not quite so strong, and represents transient external stimulation, e.g. noise, light, excitement, anger, pain, and so on. If one of your companions drops out, you and the other may be able to manage. If both companions drop out and you are left alone, you absolutely cannot hold up the heavy sleep debt and you are crushed. In other words, you cannot stay awake no matter how hard you try. Even without external stimulation, it is usually easy to stay awake and alert if your stronger companion, the biological clock, is helping you.

With the above image in mind, it should be clear that the things we usually assume cause us to become drowsy or to fall asleep actually do not cause us to become drowsy or to fall asleep. Their true role is to unmask any tendency to fall asleep that is present already. If you believe that boredom, a warm room, or a heavy meal causes sleep, you are completely wrong! If boredom, a warm room, or anything else seems to cause you to feel drowsy, you have a sleep debt and you need to be stimulated in order to stay awake. If you frequently feel sleepy or drowsy in any dull or sedentary situation, you almost certainly have a very large sleep debt. A large sleep debt makes us vulnerable to apathy, inattention, and unintended sleep episodes. Errors, accidents, injuries, deaths, and catastrophes can be the result, not to mention poor grades.

America is a sleepy society.

How many Americans are seriously or dangerously sleep deprived? There is no doubt whatsoever that vast numbers of us in school, in the workplace, in the transportation industry, in a variety of service industries, and particularly, in shift work situations, are carrying a dangerously large sleep debt.

In Gallup Poll surveys, 56% of the adult population reports that drowsiness in the daytime is a problem. In one scientific study where sleepiness was measured objectively in more than one thousand people who said they had no problem with daytime drowsiness, 34% were found to be dangerously sleepy. Considering that the subjects in this study were chosen specifically because they did not complain about daytime sleepiness, this result proves without a doubt that a significant percentage of the population carries out daily tasks and activities while dangerously sleepy.

Here at Stanford, we have studied samples of undergraduates, nurses, and medical students. We found that 80 percent were dangerously sleep deprived. By dangerously sleep deprived, I mean, of course, that these individuals are at high risk for some sort of accident involving unintended sleep or impaired performance. In all walks of life, it is likely that sleep deprivation has consequences – difficulty studying, diminished productivity, tendency to make mistakes, irritability, fatigue. For most people, the accumulation of a huge sleep debt appears to have happened so gradually that they erroneously blame their tiredness and fatigue on many other things such as a virus, depression, stress, changing metabolism, growing older, and so do their doctors.

What is the biological clock? What does it do for us?

The biological clock is a term applied to the brain process which causes us to have 24-hour fluctuations in body temperature, hormone secretion, and a host of other bodily activities. Its most important function is to foster the daily cycle of sleep and wakefulness. The major role of the biological clock in the regulation of sleep and wakefulness is to provide an internal and very powerful wake-up signal to the rest of the brain.

This powerful signal is called clock-dependent alerting, and when present, it powerfully opposes the tendency to fall asleep. In the absence of any other stimulation, the process of clock-dependent alerting alone can usually keep us wide awake throughout the entire day. This may not be true if we are carrying a fairly large sleep debt. In ordinary circumstances, clock-dependent alerting is always synchronized with the daytime hours. However, if we travel rapidly to other time zones, it may occur during the sleeping hours, and we experience “jet lag.”

Drowsiness is red alert!

I sincerely hope that sleep deprived students will take the following advice very seriously. Drowsiness is red alert! Drowsiness is the last step before falling asleep, not the first. Imagine what that could mean when you’re behind the wheel of a car driving on the highway. Drowsiness may mean you are seconds from a disaster. If everyone responded as if it were an emergency when they became aware of feeling drowsy, an enormous amount of human suffering and catastrophic events would be avoided.

You can learn more of why Drowsiness Is Red Alert from the students of Stanford Sleep and Dreams, with a little help even from the likes of Ray Ramano, John Elway, and Oprah Winfrey.

What is sleep?

We should certainly define the basic biological state that we have been discussing. Most of the characteristics that people invoke to define sleep- immobility, eye closure, snoring- can be readily simulated in the waking state. We should ask then, what is the most fundamental difference between a human being awake and a human being asleep?

Answer: The crucial event that occurs as we fall asleep is an abrupt shut down of the neural processes that allow us to perceive the world around us. At one moment we are awake, and can see and hear. A fraction of a second later we are asleep, and we are completely blind and completely deaf. Another way of saying this is that sleep is a behavioral state of complete perceptual disengagement from the environment. Sleep is an active process in which sensory stimulation is blocked or modified in some way such that we cease to be conscious of the world around us. In fact, research over the past couple of decades has decisively established that the sleeping brain is an active brain. Because so many people believe that sleep occurs when the brain is “turned off,” I like to say, “If that is your image of sleep, then hear this, ‘the brain never sleeps!'”

Of course, there is much more to say about what sleep is and what the sleeping brain does, but not here. That would make this document far too long.

What are sleep disorders?

Sleep disorders are illnesses and disturbances of sleep and wakefulness that are caused by abnormalities existing only during sleep or abnormalities of specific sleep mechanisms. These abnormalities typically produce symptoms during wakefulness that are easily recognized if the person is aware of their significance, but the fundamental pathology exists during sleep. Though the symptoms that exist during wakefulness can be helpful in recognizing the possible existence of a sleep disorder, an absolute certainty generally requires an examination of the patient during sleep utilizing a procedure called polysomnography, also widely known as a “sleep test.”

You can learn about all the various types of sleep disorders from the Stanford Sleep and Dreams website.

Should Stanford undergraduates know about sleep disorders?

Absolutely! Particularly if you carry the knowledge through your entire lives. And it is not difficult. The six year old son of one of my sleep specialist colleagues once diagnosed a specific sleep disorder in a man sitting nearby on a bus. Everyone should certainly know that sleep disorders exist and when to seek help. Almost all sleep disorders can be effectively treated or cure, and there is absolutely no reason to suffer needlessly. Unfortunately, the vast majority of sleep disorders victims do suffer needlessly because most people do not know about sleep disorders.

In the annual surveys I carry out in my course, almost all students know someone, usually a parent or close relative, who has totally unambiguous sleep disorder symptoms.

How common are sleep disorders?

Though some are rare, most sleep disorders appear to be highly prevalent. The national prevalence has been established scientifically for one specific disorder, obstructive sleep apnea. This disorder afflicts 24 percent of adult males and 9 percent of adult females which extrapolates to 30 million Americans. Of these, about 20 million are in the early stages, and about 10 million have progressed to a level of severity that requires treatment. Of greater relevance to students is that we found the problem in about 8 percent of a fairly large sample. The Restless Legs Syndrome has been estimated to afflict at least 12 million Americans. A recent Gallup Poll has established a national prevalence of 14 percent for chronic insomnia. The same poll reported that half of all adults have had difficulty sleeping at one time or another.

Are student health physicians familiar with sleep disorders?

In 1991, the answer to this question was a resounding no. In 1997, the answer is only slightly better. Although serious sleep disorders are relatively uncommon in the undergraduate population, they are unfortunately far from absent. In the vast majority of cases, undergraduates who have specific sleep disorders do not receive proper diagnosis and treatment.

One more time! “Drowsiness is red alert!”

The single most important thing to remember from this document is that drowsiness means you are seconds away from sleep. Seconds away from sleep may mean seconds away from death. If you are behind the wheel, just a few seconds of sleep can lead to a catastrophic disaster. Many freshmen may not do very much driving, but if you are a passenger, pay attention to the person who is driving. Recently, my limousine driver fell asleep at the wheel. If I had not been paying attention, I would not be here today. All this can be avoided with one simple rule, immediately stop any potentially dangerous activity when you feel drowsy. Encourage others to do likewise.

Drowsiness is red alert! Learn to be sensitive to your level of drowsiness. Being sensitive to your sleep tendency and responding appropriately may save your life.

क्या अकबर महान था?

राणा साँगा के बाद मेवाड़ का इतिहास उथल-पुथल, षड्यंत्रों, हत्याओं की शर्मनाक गाथाओं का इतिहास है,जिसके अंतिम निष्कर्ष के रूप में राज्य के वास्तविक हकदार उदयसिंह को महाराणा का पद मिला। षड्यंत्र के बल पर दासी पुत्र से महाराणा बने बनवीर को युद्ध में हराकर 1540 ई. में उदयसिंह जब चित्तौड़ के सिंहासन पर आरूढ़ हुए, तब मेवाड़ में अराजकता का वातावरण था। हालाँकि तब उदयसिंह की उम्र बहुत कम थी, लेकिन जल्दी ही उन्होंने राजपाट को ठीक से सँभालने की कोशिशें शुरू कर दीं और जीर्ण-शीर्ण मेवाड़ की हालत धीरे-धीरे सुधरने लगी।

युवा होते ही राणा उदयसिंह आकंठ विलासिता में डूब गए। उनके रनिवास में 20 रानियाँ थीं। उनके पुरखे जहाँ तलवार के धनी थे, उनकी तुलना में विलासी उदयसिंह को कायर ही कहा जाएगा। उनके राज्यकाल में जब पहली बार 1544 ई. में शेरशाह सूरी ने जोधपुर जीतने के बाद चित्तौड़ का रुख किया तो उदयसिंह ने आक्रमणकारी का मुकाबला करने की तैयारी करने के बजाय दुर्ग की चाबियाँ शेरशाह को भिजवा दीं। शेरशाह ने भी राजपूतों से नाहक उलझना ठीक नहीं समझा। उसने यह आत्मसमर्पण स्वीकार करते हुए अपने एक प्रतिनिधि शम्स खाँ की वहाँ नियुक्ति करके उदयसिंह को उसकी देखरेख में शासन चलाने की अनुमति दे दी।

चित्तौड़ पर दूसरा बड़ा संकट 23 अक्तूबर, 1567 को आया, जब अकबर ने एक बड़ी सेना लेकर उस पर चढ़ाई कर दी। उदयसिंह को पहले ही इसकी भनक लग गई थी। वह पश्चिमी पहाड़ी प्रदेश में चले गए। किले की सुरक्षा के लिए उन्होंने वीर राजपूत जयमल और फत्ता के नेतृत्व में 8 हजार राजपूतों को नियुक्त कर दिया। आसपास का इलाका खाली करवा दिया गया। कुछ लोग दूर जंगलों और पहाड़ों में चले गए। बाकी करीब 30 हजार नगरवासी किले को सुरक्षित जानकर वहाँ आ गए।

उन दिनों किला जीतने का एक पुराना आजमाया हुआ तरीका था—उसकी घेराबंदी करके पड़े रहना। जब किले का राशन-पानी खत्म हो जाता था तो उसमें तैनात छोटी सी सेना को फाटक खोलकर खुले में शत्रु से लड़ना ही पड़ता था। अकबर ने भी यही किया। वह कई महीनों तक किले को घेरकर बैठा रहा, पर उसके पास न इतना धैर्य था, न समय था। उसने अपने कारीगर लगाकर दुर्ग की मजबूत चारदीवारी में सुरंगें बनाने और कई स्थानों पर उसे तोड़ने का काम शुरू कर दिया। आखिरकार राजपूतों के भरसक विरोध के बावजूद किले की दीवार कई जगहों से टूटी। अब प्रत्यक्ष युद्ध के अलावा कोई विकल्प न था। राजपूतनियाँ जौहर की ज्वाला में कूद गईं और केसरिया बाना पहने वीर राजपूत दुर्ग के द्वार खोलकर मुगलों की विशाल वाहिनी पर टूट पड़े।

विजयी अकबर ने चित्तौड़ में प्रवेश किया तो न वहाँ उदयसिंह मिले और न उनका शाही खजाना। चिता की राख के अलावा अगर वहाँ कुछ था तो वे निस्सहाय परिवार, जिन्होंने शत्रु के भय से गढ़ में शरण ली थी। अकबर महान् कहे जानेवाले इस मुगल सम्राट् ने खीजकर उन सबके कत्लेआम का हुक्म जारी कर दिया। उन निहत्थों पर मुगल सैनिक टूट पड़े और देखते-ही-देखते वहाँ लाशों के ढेर लग गए। राजपूतों की आन-बान का प्रतीक चित्तौड़ अब मुगलों के कब्जे में था।

खुद से बड़ा कोई साथी नहीं होता!!!

स्वार्थ के पीछे भागने वाली दुनिया में कोई किसी के लिए नहीं रुकता , हमें खुद रोकना पड़ता है।

Prepare yourself for your Battles as no one gonna help you out…

Top 9 Tips to Concentrate While Studying

1. Maintain proper time for everything:

Eat, sleep and study on time. We need
sleep and food to lead a healthy and
happy life. The key to concentrate while
studying is your health. You should keep
your body and mind healthy to maximize your concentration level.
2. Early to Bed and Early to Rise:

It is good
for both adults and teens or students to
sleep early and get up early before 6 am.
As the proverb says, “you need to lose
something to gain something”. So, just plan and organize your daily routine
properly and go to bed at the right time
and wake up early.

3. Do Meditation:

Try to do meditation for
at least 20 minutes daily, concentrating
on one specific thing and meditate. After completion of meditation, you should also
practice some light exercises such as
stretch exercises and stretches. You can
also try yoga like pranayama (breathing
exercise). This will keep you fit and
healthy, both physically and mentally.
4. Study Early in the Morning:

If you study
early morning for at least two hours, your
concentration levels can go high as sky,
provided you follow the above tips as
well. Your time will become triple, two
hours of studying equals to six hours of studying, because your mind is fresh in
the morning, both your mind and body
act really swift early morning, hence you
can concentrate better.

5. Avoid Disturbances:

Find a place where
there is less distraction and study there. Try to avoid any kind of disturbances and
distractions while you are studying. For
instance, studying and watching
television doesn’t go well together
generally. Light music or soft music prove
beneficial for some people while studying, however it depends upon the

6. Switch off Your Mobile:

Ensure that you
keep your mobile somewhere far or
switch off when you are going to study.
Unnecessary calls from your friends or from others can distract your mind and
spoils your study time. Set a particular
time for studies and maintain that every

7. Take Breaks in Between:

studying, you should take some breaks in between. This will help you not to feel
tire and bore of studying continuously.
However, ensure that you don’t take
breaks for too long. Again set a proper
time and take breaks at the same time
8. Find a Specific Spot for Studies:

You can
concentrate better, if you have a
particular place that you usually study.
Try to find one particular place where
you find comfortable, less distraction and
use it only for studies.
9. Last, but not the least, keep your mind
prepared when you are going to study.
You should be ready mentally to study
and concentrate on your books. And, to
keep yourself ready, you need to follow
all the above points.

Good Luck Darlingss😊🤗

रावण ठीक था 😔

दशहरे को बुराई पर अच्छाई की जीत का प्रतीक कहा जाता है। हर साल भारत में रावण को बुराई का प्रतीक मानकर उसका पुतला दहन किया जाता है।

लेकिन रावण में कई अच्छाईयां भी थी, जिसका हर मनुष्य को पालन करना चाहिए।

जब राम वानरों की सेना को लेकर समुद्र तट पर पहुंचे थे। तब राम रामेश्वरम के पास गए और विजय यज्ञ की तैयारी शुरू करने को कहा। हवन के पूर्णाहुति के लिए गुरू बृहस्पति को बुलाया गया, लेकिन वह नहीं आए। तब राम ने सुग्रीव को रावण को बुलाने के लिए भेज दिया। सुग्रीव राम के आदेश का पालन कर लंकापति रावण के पास गए। यज्ञ को पूर्ण कर रावण आने के लिए तैयार हो गया। रावण पुष्पक विमान में माता सीता को साथ लेकर गए और सीता को राम के पास बैठा कर यज्ञ पूर्ण किया। रावण ने राम को विजय होने का आशीर्वाद दिया और सीता को लेकर लंका चला गया। रावण से जब पूछा गया कि आपने राम को विजय होने का आशीर्वाद क्यों दिया। तब रावण ने कहा कि, आशीर्वाद महापंडित रावण ने दिया है, राजा रावण ने नहीं।

आप सभी से दशहरा पर्व पर निवेदन है की रावण दहन के साथ ही अपनी बुराइयों का दहन भी करें।

अच्छे मित्र कैसे बनें !

१. मित्र जैसा भी हो , उसे उसी रूप में स्वीकारें।

२. अगर दोस्त न चाहे तो उसकी निजता भंग न करें।

३. उसके सुझावों का आदर करें।

४. उसकी बातों का गलत अर्थ न लें।

५. मित्र को असहज न होने दें। अगर कोई बात आपको चुभ रही है तो बताने में कोई हर्ज नहीं है।

६. किसी से दोस्ती करने के लिए दबाव न डालें।

७. न तो मित्र का नाजायज फायदा उठाएं और न ही उसे अपना फायदा उठाने दें।

८. हल्की गपशप के बीच भी कड़वाहट न आने दें।

९. प्रत्येक मित्रता में स्वार्थ होता है परंतु उसे मित्रता पर कभी हावी न होने दें।

Happy Friendship Day 2019

Things You Should Never Tell Others

Do you often feel like the innocent fool who does
not know when to
keep his mouth shut, and when
to share his thoughts?

Yes? Then, read on to know
what you should keep ONLY to yourself.

1. Your Sexual Desires
The first and foremost on the list is tales of your
libido. Talking mindlessly about your sexual
desires, craving to feel a feminine body or habits of
masturbation can easily turn your friends off.
Worse still, do not even discuss these matters with
your family members. Refrain from discussing such matters and if the
situation gets too troublesome to
handle on your own, then either take a close friend
into confidence, or seek the aid of a professional.

2. Financial Situation
Whether it is rock-bottom for
you or the pinnacle of your professional and financial status, keep the
figures that you earn to yourself. While it is
imperative that your parents and partner need to
be aware of the numbers here, revealing them to
the whole wide world will not be such a good idea.
This could lead to various reactions – anger,
jealousy, pity, or even hatred.

3. Personal Issues at Work
In the professional
sphere, it is ethical
not to start sharing your marital woes or filial spats
with colleagues. Not only does it show poorly on you as
an employee, it also creates the opportunity for
your growth within the organisation to suffer.
Telling your peers about what you and your wife
argued about in the morning, or the colour of the
sari your mother intends to gift your wife are not
considered serious and professional topics of

4. Half-Formed Aspirations
If you have recently
stumbled upon a great
business idea, or had your ‘Eureka’ moment with respect to your ambition in life, the best thing
would be to further and finalise this concept. It may
certainly help to bounce off such ideas with people
who genuinely care about you or who you are
close to, but it would be
advisable to share your thoughts only once they have taken some sort of

5. Negative Feelings
If you nurture repulsion
towards your landlady, or detest her dog, or if you abhor the neighbour who
sends you vicious glances each morning as you
step out of home, you are troubled by negative
feelings of great intensity towards others. If you
vent these, you will end up hurting nobody but
your own self. So, the best thing is to keep these
strong emotions within you, and gradually stop
letting them affect your daily routine.

Ghost from Book

It was the time when i was a naive reader and enjoyed a lot reading the books which were there in my grandfather’s room. Several books on different topics, some of which were so indulging and time-consuming and some of them were for a day reading.

One of the novel which was written by Mr. Rajendra Yadav was ‘प्रेत बोलते हैं’ . It effected me in such a way that i went on for many sleepless nights and after four days i escaped from that undesirable feeling by giving up on the books and indulging myself in outdoor activities. Even when i was so afraid by the book, I never thought about destroying it and kept it for really a very long time. After all as a child I thought that some day the ghost would help me😉